Skin pigmentation refers to the colouration of skin. Your skin colour is determined by the levels of melanin in your skin cells. If the cells are healthy, your skin will appear normal. However, if the skin cells become unhealthy or damaged your skin may turn lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation), both of which are recognized as skin disorders. Vitiligo is a type of hypopigmentation, where the skin cells are destroyed, and causing pronounced white patches to appear on the body. Hormonal changes and excessive exposure to sunlight can also cause skin pigmentation issues, resulting in dark patches or spots on the skin.
Skin pigmentation problems can occur anywhere on the body, but when present on visible areas such as the face, they can be a source of embarrassment. Today, dermatologists have investigated a variety of skin-lightening methods and have developed many promising treatments. Depending on the severity and extent of the pigmentation problem, a dermatologist can tailor the treatment based on your individual skin tone, and the treatment may include a single therapy or a combination of therapies. A full skin analysis should carried out by a dermatologist to determine whether your pigmentation is in the epidermis (meaning it is more easily removable) or deeper down (making it difficult to remove). The results of the skin scan will then determine the type of treatment offered to achieve the best results.
There are many treatment techniques for pigmentation removal and varies on the severity of the condition. Treatment methods consist of simple topical applications which contains active ingredients, chemical peels , laser treatments or a combination of above to best suit the severity of the condition.
Following the post-treatment instructions are very important in pigmentation removal as it might increase hypergmentation if left unfollowed.